Wasp

Wasp

Wasps are members of the order Hymenoptera. Other members of this order are the bees and ants. Currently, there are not less than 150 species of wasps in the country, with most of them being social wasps. Such social wasps exist in colonies of up to 15,000 wasps. The most common was species in the country, which commonly infest homes and other man-made structures, are the paper wasps, mud daubers, yellow jackets and the hornets.

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Spiders

Basically, spiders may be found in almost any building in the country, including homes and offices. Some of the places where spiders are commonly found include closets, basements, dark crevices, ceilings and corners of the house. Spiders are easy to spot, with an un-segmented body and eight legs. They are well renowned for producing silk, which they use to build webs and trap prey. While this is a feature associated with the spiders, not all the spiders spin webs. Additionally, the different types of spiders use different modes of feeding.

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Centipede

By ascertaining the number of leg pairs on each of the segments, you can easily tell centipedes from millipedes. While millipedes have two leg pairs originating from every segment, the centipedes have only a single pair of legs on each segment. The body of the centipedes is flattened from end to tail and they have pair if antennae. While some centipede varieties have long legs, others have rather short legs. Basically, there are about 8,000 known species of centipedes across the world. Unlike any other arthropod, the first pair of legs of the centipedes has been modified into mouth parts, known as the forcipules.

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Silverfish

This wingless insect is prevalent in almost all parts of the world. They have shiny scales, silver in color covering their body and their movement is very similar to that of a swimming fish. While most silverfish species are silver in color, some of them are gray or brown in color. They have a flattened body, measuring between 12 and 25mm, with a tapered rear end that resembles a teardrop. Silverfish has three pairs of legs, three bristle extending from the tail and a pair of antennae.

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Snow bug/ Pill bug

Basically, snow bugs are not insects; they belong to the category of crustaceans, just like shrimps and lobsters. They are gray in color and measure between 13 and 15mm in length. They have two pairs of antennae as well as seven pairs of legs. Another distinguishing characteristic of the pill bugs is that they have a soft shell on their backs and their body is oval in shape. The two common species of this pest in the county are the Armadillidium vulgare (pill bug) and the Trachelipus rathkei, which is commonly known as the snow bug.

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Earwig

Earwigs are comparatively small insects of the Dermaptera order. Despite the popular believe that the insects could crawl into the ears of a sleeping person and then bore into the brain, the insects are essentially harmless to human beings. The name Earwig is derived from Greek words derma and ptera, which may be translated into skin and wings respectively. The name refers to the protective forewings covering the insects. Although they are harmless, the insects can nip the human skin in protection, if disturbed.

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Fleas

Fleas are some of the most common pet parasites today. They are ectoparasites that feed on blood from mammals or birds. Flea bites are usually painful and may transmit pathogens to both pets and human beings. Some of the most common flea species are the human flea (Pulex irritans), cat flea (Ctenocephalides felis) and dog flea (Ctenocephalides canis). Fleas are basically thin brown in colour, measuring 2.5 mm long. As such, they may be observed using naked eyes.

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Rats

Currently, the commonest rat species in the country are the roof rats and the Norway rats. Regardless of the type of rats you have in your home, understanding their habits will put you in a better position to control them. Mentioned in this article are some of the most effective methods you can use to inspect for and control rat in your home.

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Raccoons

The raccoon is scientifically known as the Procyon Lotor.  The adult mammal has a rather stocky appearance and measures between two and three feet long. A grown up raccoon can weigh up to 30 pounds. The animal has a heavy fur cover and a black ‘mask’ above the eyes. It also has alternating dark and light rings on the tail. They tend to be active all year round. However, they may take cover in their dens during the extreme temperatures, especially during the winter.

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Skunks

Basically, the skunk is a nocturnal mammal that is characterized by bold colors and stripes. The mammal has glands that produce a musky-smelling methyl mercaptan. This is the animal’s main defensive measure and can spray the methyl mercaptan up to six times. If disturbed, the skunk growls, stamps its feet, hisses and turns back with its tail raised straight up. It then sprays the fluid, which can reach a distance of 15 feet. The smell of the fluid can be detected as much as a mile away. Being irritating pests, skunks removal is essential, if they happen to infest your home.

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Squirrel

In most cases, people tend to view squirrels as harmless, as they run up and down the garden or in the compound. As their habitat contracts, these animals will be pushed to inhabit in the chimney, crawlspace or the attic of your home. If you happen to hear the sound of medium sized animals running up and down your attic, you probably have a squirrel infestation. The sound of the animals running up and down the attic normally occurs in the early morning hours, during the day and the early hours of the evening. In most cases the color of squirrels ranges from gray to black.

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Bat

It is common for bats t o get access to the house, through various entry points, including chimneys, venting systems, loose moldings and flashings as well as through the roof eves. The majority of the homeowners believe that the bats that fly in their houses at night or early in the morning come into the house through the doors and windows. However, this is not the case the bats in most cases live within the houses they invade at night. Many homeowners do not understand where the bats in their houses come from. In some cases, the bats come into the house from the basement level.

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